Invasive Multiflora Rose Uses

Multiflora Rose Rosa multiflora Thunb.
Rose family (Rosaceae)

NATIVE RANGE
Japan,Korea, and easternChina 

DESCRIPTION
Multiflora rose is a thorny, perennial shrub with arching stems (canes), and leaves divided into five to eleven sharply toothed leaflets. The base of each leaf stalk bears a pair of fringed bracts. Beginning in May or June, clusters of showy, fragrant, white to pink flowers appear, each about an inch across. Small bright red fruits, or rose hips, develop during the summer, becoming leathery, and remain on the plant through the winter. 

ECOLOGICAL THREAT
Multiflora rose is extremely prolific and can form impenetrable thickets that exclude native plant species. This exotic rose readily invades open woodlands, forest edges, successional fields, savannas and prairies that have been subjected to land disturbance. 

Edible Uses

                                         

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Seed;  Stem.

Fruit – raw or made into preserves, pies etc[105, 177, 183]. The fruit is about 7mm in diameter[200], but there is only a thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds[K]. The fruit is rich in carotene (81.4mg per 100g) and vitamin C[218]. Some care has to be taken when eating this fruit, see the notes above on known hazards. Young leaves and shoots – raw or cooked[105, 177, 183]. Used as they emerge from the ground in spring. The young leaves contain more than 200mg per 100g of vitamin C[218]. The seed is a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement[102, 183]. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[102]. The seed contains about 8% oil[218].

 

 

Medicinal Uses

 

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antidote;  Astringent;  Cancer;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Hypoglycaemic;  Laxative;  Poultice.

The leaves are poulticed and applied to sores[218]. The fruit is anodyne, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and laxative[218]. It is also antidotal to fish poisoning[218]. It is used to treat constipation and articular pain[279] and as an application to foul ulcers, wounds, sprains and injuries[240]. The seed is laxative and diuretic[218]. The root is rich in tannins. It is astringent and carminative[218]. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[214].

 

Other Uses

Essential;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Rootstock;  Soil stabilization;  Tannin.

The plant is fairly wind tolerant and can be grown as a shelter hedge though it can be damaged by salt laden winds[75]. The plant has a dense sturdy habit and makes an excellent hedge[245]. The root contains 23-25 per cent of tannin[266]. An essential oil obtained from the fresh flowers is used in the cosmetic industry[266]. The plant also has an extensive root system and is used for soil stabilization[11, 200]. This species can also be used as a rootstock for other species of rose, especially for ramblers and when grown on poor soils[11, 200].

 

Source: http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Rosa+multiflora

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About Anya Pozdeeva, vifarms

Vertically Integrated Urbarn Aquaponics, Permaponics, Permaculture and Sustainable Living, New York Style! www.vifarms.com
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